World Diabetes Day

World Diabetes Day

Do you know what diabetes is, little scientist? We should learn more about this disease which, unfortunately, affects to lots of people around the World. Keep reading and discover how we can prevent it!

What exactly is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronicle disease which causes that our body can’t produce enough insulin or it can’t use it in the way it should. Consequently, our body isn’t able to use its main power source, glucose (sugar), so it keeps in our blood, whose increase of glucose’s levels provokes some problems.

There are two types of diabetes:

  1. Diabetes type 1 is more likely to affect to children. In this case, the β cells of our pancreas stop producing insulin, so our sugar in blood levels enhance. Once it has already increased, there no other option than administer insulin to get it down.
  2. Diabetes type 2: Our body produces insulin and our pancreas also works, but our organism can’t make the most of it. The consequence is that our pancreas goes on producing even more insulin even though we have enough, and so that, our in blood levels of sugar increase dangerously.

How can we combat it?

People who suffer from this disease must administer themselves (or get administered) insulin many times per day, depending of their type of diabetes and some more aspects. It can only be determined by an official doctor, who will tell the patient how many times and how much they must wait between an injection and the following one.

But now you might be wondering what insulin is, don’t you little scientist? Insulin is a hormone which controls the quantity of glucose taken by our cells. Once they have already absorb enough glucose, the remaining flow trough our blood and is used later or thrown out.

How to prevent diabetes

  • Maintain and adequate weight.
  • Eat healthy
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid food with too much sugar and fat

You already know a little bit about this disease, so why don’t you share your knowledge, little scientist? If you know someone who is diabetic, cheer it up and congratulate for being such a fighter!

Science4you


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